Articles — Urban Sustainability

The Technology Behind Virtual Reality And Augmented Reality Applications in Clean Tech

Gayathri Gopalakrishnan Algorithms Augmented Reality Financial analysis Machine Learning Market Sensors Smart Cities Urban Sustainability Virtual Reality

Last time we looked at the kind of applications in clean technology where using virtual reality or augmented reality systems are making a significant difference.   But, how do these systems work?   Most AR and VR systems can be broadly classified as follows.     These systems can be divided into 1) the hardware required to get the data, process and display it 2) the software needed to develop simulations of the systems being studied and create virtual objects and 3) the server where the data are stored and processed and where machine learning algorithms can be deployed to...

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Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) In Clean Technology

Gayathri Gopalakrishnan Algorithms Augmented Reality Financial analysis Machine Learning Market Sensors Smart Cities Urban Sustainability Virtual Reality

What do the terms Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) bring to mind? Hollywood movies like “Black Panther” with the crazy action sequences where cars and airplanes are controlled from a laboratory, games like World of Warcraft with your gaming character moving through all the different locations, Pokemon Go and hunting for the prize in an actual physical location, Star Trek holodecks where you could explore completely different planets and surfaces… the list goes on and on. The one thing that all these examples have in common though is that they all come from the entertainment industry.   Now,...

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Idealism Matters – Making The World Better With Game Theory

Gayathri Gopalakrishnan Algorithms Financial analysis Machine Learning Market Smart Cities Urban Sustainability

Perhaps one of the most interesting parts of trying to clean up the environment is the need to balance individual action with global behavior. Actions that are optimal at the individual level are often what lead to depletion of resources and environmental damage at the global or regional scale. Take climate change for example – even though the effects of a changing climate promise to be devastating to many countries and places around the world, it has often worked better for countries to focus on their short-term economic goals rather than look at what would work best for the economy...

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When Big Data Doesn’t Tell The Whole Story – Megaregions And Commuting

Gayathri Gopalakrishnan Financial analysis Market Smart Cities Urban Sustainability

It’s tempting sometimes to think that we can grab all the lovely data lying around, feed it into a computer algorithm and then get results that magically tell us something new and amazing. That though is the tired data scientist’s fantasy – and thinking about problems that way doesn’t really help solve them! We’re always going to need what’s now being called “domain expertise” in data science circles – that deep understanding of your subject and the expertise that lets you understand when data is valuable, what insights really are insights and when to use the data scientist’s vast array...

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Making Clean Tech And Data Science Work: From Micro To Mega…

Gayathri Gopalakrishnan Algorithms Financial analysis Machine Learning Market Smart Cities Urban Sustainability

Several interesting research studies have been written highlighting how data science is being embedded in clean tech. What I find fascinating is that these stories showcase research at very different scales – at the micro level and at the scale of the Earth System. The first study that came out this week was by teams from the University of California, Irvine and NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory evaluating the melting of Antarctica’s glaciers. The teams used satellite data to monitor the location and movement over the years of the glaciers “grounding line” – the point at which the glacier begins to...

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